Know Your Stone
Characteristics of Natural Stone
Natural stone can be found all around the world. It is quarried out of mountains and even from underground. These quarried materials include granite, marble, travertine, slate, limestone, onyx, and quartzite. One of the most unique and attractive qualities of natural stone is that no two pieces will be identical due to inherent variances caused by nature. Some of these variances include differences in color, shading, irregular markings, voids, pitting, veins and fissures.
Types of Stone
Granite: A visibly granular, igneous rock; it will range in color from near white to shades of gold, pinks, greens, blues, grays and blacks. Granite consists primarily of quartz, mica and feldspar. It is ideal for counter tops and high traffic areas.
Limestone: A sedimentary rock composed primarily of the mineral calcite or dolomite or sometimes the combination of both. Limestone is generally softer and less dense than granite and more homogeneous in appearance.
Marble: A metamorphic rock possessing a distinctive crystalline texture. Marble consists of cabonate minerals calcite and dolomite, either by themselves or a combination of all. Marbles are typically softer than granites and are available in a variety of colors.
Onyx: A semi-precious sedimentary gemstone of calcite variety with an extremely fine crystal formation. Onyx is known and values for its translucent quality. This material allows to be backlit for dramatic effect.
Quartzite: A highly hardened, typically metamorphosed member of the sandstone group. This stone contains a minimum of 95%-free silica. This material may look like slate, though it is much denser and harder.
Slate: A micro-crystalline metamorphic rock commonly derived from shale. It is primarily composed of mica, chlorite and quartz. This material is available in a honed or cleft finish. Slate can also be used in exterior applications in a no freeze areas.
Travertine: A type of crystalline or micro-crystalline limestone with a distinctive layered structure. This material has an open texture and contains pores and cavities. Depending on the selection this pores may be filled and honed. This product is available in light and warm earth tone shades. Most popular use is for flooring both interior and exterior
Maintaining Your Natural Stone
Natural stone is sensitive to harsh chemicals. Therefore, we advise not to use anything with a strong acidic or alkaline agents. These products will etch your natural stone, especially polished stones like marble and onyx that are more delicate.
For regular maintenance for your natural stone kitchen counters, mild dish soap and then a dry towel to pick up any leftover residue. We do recommend that you apply a impregnating sealer that allows the stone to breathe and permits the natural beauty to shine through.
To prevent alkaline and soap scum buildup in showers, squeegee after each use. We also recommend to periodically seal these materials.